firmware

by ronfluegge 5. April 2017 15:23

Firmware is programming that's written to the non-volatile memory of a hardware device. Non-volatile memory is a form of static random access memory whose contents are saved when a hardware device is turned off or loses its external power source.

Firmware, which is added at the time of manufacturing, is used to run user programs on the device and can be thought of as the software that allows hardware to run. Hardware makers use embedded firmware to control the functions of various hardware devices and systems, much like a computer's operating system controls the function of software applications. Firmware may be written into read-only memory (ROM), erasable programmable read-only memory (EPROM) or flash memory. The firmware that is embedded in flash memory chips can be updated easier than firmware written to ROM or EPROM, which makes it more adaptable. 

Today, embedded firmware exists in everything from smartphones to internet of things (IoT) devices so simply that you might not imagine they had computer control. While the firmware in a smart light bulb may not need frequent updates, the firmware on a smart thermostat may need to be updated periodically to remain compatible with smartphone operating system updates. 

Firmware updates are often issued to fix bugs, roll out new features and improve security. Some internet-capable devices regularly check for new firmware and automatically download and install it, while other device manufacturers require the user to visit the manufacturer's website, download firmware updates and install them manually. 

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NERC Generating Availability Data System (GADS) Conventional and Wind Training

by ronfluegge 23. February 2017 09:31

The Generating Availability Data System Working Group (GADSWG) implements a uniform approach to reporting and measuring North American generating plant availability, performance and other related reliability data.

Conventional GADS training will include items such as how GADS data is used, events and performance, combined cycle component versus block reporting, the case for event reviews, review of cause codes, examples of poorly reported events to NERC, understanding Data Reporting Instructions (DRI) Appendix F: Equations and the data submittal process at Open Access Technology International (OATI).

Wind GADS training will include the reporting implementation timeline, entity registration, processes and reports. Additionally, the data submittal process through the NERC GADS Wind reporting application will be covered.

In 2017, the GADSWG will offer training at the following locations:

 

  • Week of May 1st at Texas Reliability Entity (TRE), Austin

Click Here: TRE Registration

        TRE Fact Sheet

  • Week of August 7th at Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Salt Lake City

Click Here: WECC Registration

          WECC Fact Sheet

  • October 2nd at North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Atlanta

Click Here: NERC Registration

          NERC Fact Sheet

 

Training classes conducted each week are:

  • An introductory session for new conventional GADS reporters on Monday
  • Conventional GADS material will be covered on Tuesday and Wednesday
  • GADS Wind material will be covered on Thursday and Friday

 

Training Schedule:

  • Monday, 2017 | Noon – 2:00 p.m. | Registration | 2:00 p.m. – 4:00.p.m. | Introductory Session
  • Tuesday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. | Conventional GADS
  • Wednesday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – Noon | Conventional GADS Appendix F Equations
  • Thursday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. | Wind GADS
  • Friday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – Noon | Wind GADS 

* It is recommended that attendees tour a power plant before attending this training.

Look for additional information on how to register for these in-person events in late February. Although registration is required, there is no fee for this training.  Continental breakfast and lunch will be included.

For more information or assistance, please contact via email: gads@nerc.net for conventional units or gadswind@nerc.net for wind plants.

 

Generating Availability Data System (GADS) 2017 Conventional and Wind Training

by ronfluegge 6. February 2017 13:49

NERC Training Announcement

Generating Availability Data System (GADS) Conventional and Wind Training

The Generating Availability Data System Working Group (GADSWG) implements a uniform approach to reporting and measuring North American generating plant availability, performance and other related reliability data.

Conventional GADS training will include items such as how GADS data is used, events and performance, combined cycle component versus block reporting, the case for event reviews, review of cause codes, examples of poorly reported events to NERC, understanding Data Reporting Instructions (DRI) Appendix F: Equations and the data submittal process at Open Access Technology International (OATI).

Wind GADS training will include the reporting implementation timeline, entity registration, processes and reports. Additionally, the data submittal process through the NERC GADS Wind reporting application will be covered.

In 2017, the GADSWG will offer training at the following locations:

  • Week of May 1st at Texas Reliability Entity (TRE), Austin
  • Week of August 7th at Western Electricity Coordinating Council (WECC), Salt Lake City
  • Week of October 2nd at North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC), Atlanta 

Training classes conducted each week are:

  • An introductory session for new conventional GADS reporters on Monday
  • Conventional GADS material will be covered on Tuesday and Wednesday
  • GADS Wind material will be covered on Thursday and Friday 

Training Schedule:

  • Monday, 2017 | Noon – 2:00 p.m. | Registration | 2:00 p.m. – 4:00.p.m. | Introductory Session
  • Tuesday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. | Conventional GADS
  • Wednesday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – Noon | Conventional GADS Appendix F Equations
  • Thursday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. | Wind GADS
  • Friday, 2017 | 9:00 a.m. – Noon | Wind GADS  

Look for additional information on how to register for these in-person events in late February. Although registration is required, there is no fee for this training.  Continental breakfast and lunch will be included.

For more information or assistance, please contact NERC via email: gads@nerc.net for conventional units or gadswind@nerc.net for wind plants.


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